Smart’ and ‘green’: the Trieste of the future in the new Urban Sustainable Mobility Plan

27.07.2020 – 14.40 – After the approval of the “Sustainable Urban Mobility Plan” and the “Environmental Report of the city of Trieste” by the city council, Trieste is preparing to become increasingly smart, green and sustainable.
Specifically, being this a long-term strategic plan, by drawing guidelines to find solutions to improve the transport system and the “sustainability” of overall mobility in the city.
The PUMS, so the Italian abbreviation of the sustainability plan, is part of the European project “Civitas Portis” which, in turn, is part of the “Horizon 2020” programme, which aims to define, test and evaluate an integrated set of innovative sustainable mobility measures aimed, in particular, at solving the more specific problems of port cities in Europe.

The individual projects will gradually be decided, as an application of the PUMS, and will be part of, and possibly modify, the more specific Urban Traffic Plan.
There are therefore some “forecasts” regarding the mobility within the city; but the relations between the city and the other municipalities in the territory will be considered as well, and related to these, some objectives which, if achieved, will radically revolutionize the future “face” of the “system“.
They range from the improvement of the safety conditions, to the reduction of air and noise pollution and energy consumption, to a more efficient and economical transport of people and goods, optimizing the modal choices and further increasing the already high attractiveness of the territory and the quality of our environment.
Going into the heart of the document, the main objectives illustrated by the Municipal Councillor for Urban Planning Luisa Polli:

public transport systems, such as escalators and vertical lifts, located in specific points, in districts or areas of steep slopes (for example San Giovanni or the University area);
a cableway between the Rive, Porto Vecchio, Park Bovedo and Opicina;
– the placement of mobility hot-spots where exchange parking lots, public transport lines, sharing services, smart mobility equipment are concentrated;
– modifications to the Local Public Transport network (for example, but not only, for better connections between the different structures and Institutes and the city centre, or for the creation of a new “backbone” for the local public transport system, with high capacity, from Muggia to Park Bovedo);
new 30 km/h zones and improvement of the vehicle parking spaces;
– Improved coexistence between motorized traffic, pedestrians and cyclists, paying special attention to the new cycling plan. This so-called “Biciplan”, still requiring further stages of participation and discussion with “stakeholders” on the subject (not only cyclists, therefore, but also pedestrians, motorists, bus drivers or taxi drivers), will be postponed to a later approval;
– interventions to optimize the distribution of goods on the territory (such as the location of distribution centres outside the city centre, collection points of e- commerce packages and related logistics);
– new solutions for the city’s internal road system, such as the already prefigured counter-clockwise one-way ring in the city centre, the new tunnel between via D’Alviano and largo Mioni, or the one-way tunnel in the Galleria Sandrinelliverso piazza Goldoni.

These projects will take a long time to be realized and financed, since the PUMS will be “active” within the next 10-15 years until at least 2030.
In the meantime, the “observations phase” will begin, which will last 60 days and will allow different bodies, groups and individual citizens to send proposals and suggestions, of any scope, directly to the technical offices of the Municipality, through certified e-mail.

After this phase, it will be up to the City Council to evaluate and decide on these proposals, possibly formulating its own as the highest representative citizens’ Assembly, and then approve the plan as a whole.

[m.g translation]